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The Kamchatka Peninsula is a 1.250-kilometre peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of about 270.000 sq km (100.000 sq mi). It lies between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Sea of Okhotsk to the west. Immediately offshore along the Pacific coast of the peninsula runs the 10.500-metre (34.400 ft) deep Kuril-Kamchatka Trench.

The Kamchatka Peninsula, the Commander Islands, and Karaginsky Island constitute the Kamchatka Krai of the Russian Federation. The vast majority of the 322.079 inhabitants are Russians, but there are also about 8.743 Koryaks (2002 m). More than half of the population lives in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and nearby Yelizovo.

The Kamchatka peninsula contains the Volcanoes of Kamchatka, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Kamchatka receives up to 2.700 mm (110 in) of precipitation per year. The summers are moderately cool, and the winters tend to be rather stormy with rare amounts of lightning.